Diwan Bahadur R. Srinivasan, also known as Rettamalai Srinivasan, was a Dalit activist, politician and freedom fighter from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He is a Dalit icon and Mahatma Gandhi’s close associate, remembered today as one of the pioneers of the Dalit movement in India.
Rettamalai Srinivasan represented the Paraiyars in the first two Round Table Conferences in London (1930 and 1931) along with Paraiyar leader Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. In 1932, Ambedkar, M. C. Rajahand ,R Srinivasan joined the board of the Servants of Untouchables Society established by Mahatma Gandhi. However, shortly afterwards, the three of them withdrew from the Board.In 1939, with Ambedkar’s support, he established the Madras Province Scheduled Castes’ Federation.